Luc Stringer | Banner | Students return to their apartments at Magnolia Crossing at 2 a.m. on Sept. 23 after waiting in the parking lot for half an hour for the Riverside Fire Department to give the all-clear.

Magnolia Crossing experiences frequent fire alarms

Since the start of the semester, Magnolia Crossing has experienced seven incidents in which the fire alarm went off, requiring residents to evacuate.

Joe Ojeda, Magnolia Crossing resident director, said the number of fire alarm incidents resulted from several factors.

“We found out the fire alarms were a little more sensitive than we would have hoped, but that is also a good thing by making sure we provide a safe living area,” Ojeda said.

Ojeda said the first few fire alarms occurred from smoke resulting from residents’ cooking, and the remaining alarms occurred from remaining dust in the alarm system from construction.

Magnolia Crossing, unlike some other living areas, also has a central alarm system per the fire marshal and the government’s current requirements for university living areas with common rooms. As a result, each time smoke triggers the alarm in a single unit, the fire alarm will go off throughout the entire building, causing all residents to evacuate.

“It is extremely important (to evacuate) because we just never know,” Ojeda said. “It is better to be safe than sorry. I know it is a huge inconvenience. I live here too, so I understand how inconvenient and annoying it can be, but it is something we all have to do.”

In an attempt to avoid future incidents, California Baptist University replaced the smoke detectors in each apartment’s common room to make them less sensitive. Previously, each room had an ionization smoke alarm, which causes the fire alarm to go off when smoke interrupts the ion flow between two charged plates. These detectors are usually more sensitive to flames. The school replaced these smoke detectors with new ones that set off the fire alarm when smoke interrupts a beam of light in the detector’s chamber. Ojeda said the new detectors are less sensitive than the ionization smoke alarms, but they are still sensitive enough to create a safe living environment. CBU also cleaned the alarm system to eliminate dust.

Magnolia Crossing resident advisers Katelynn Jarboe, senior Christian behavioral science major, and Jenavieve Santoyo, sophomore business administration major, help during fire evacuations by knocking on residents’ doors, guiding residents to emergency exits, ensuring that no one enters the building again until fire personnel allow it and creating a clear path for fire personnel to enter the building. They said CBU has been working to resolve the issue to avoid future fire alarms that require students to evacuate.

“We are working to try to figure out why this is happening so often,” Jarboe said. “CBU has been doing their best to try to identify and resolve the issue as swiftly as possible because obviously CBU understands this is not fun for anyone. I think they have been doing a great job of trying to figure that out and resolve the issue so that we do not have to continue being evacuated.”

Since Magnolia Crossing’s fire alarm system notifies the entire building if smoke is detected in a single room, Santoyo said students can take precautions to try to avoid more evacuation instances.

“If it goes off in your room, it goes off in everybody’s room, so just put the fans on high while you are cooking just in case,” Santoyo said.

In addition to using vent fans when cooking, Ojeda also said that students can help avoid fire alarm incidents by opening windows when cooking meals that can produce a large amount of smoke, closing the door when taking hot showers and remaining vigilant when using cooking appliances.

“Be careful and be aware of your cooking,” Ojeda said. “People should not be afraid of cooking, but just be aware and cautious. Make sure you keep an eye on it and pay attention to what you are doing.”

Ojeda said he hopes the fire alarm situation has been mostly resolved by the actions CBU has taken in response to the situation, but he encourages students to continue to follow fire safety policies in the future if the fire alarm goes off again.

“As annoying as it is when it goes off multiple times in a week, you never know if it is a real emergency and you never want to change it,” said Lauren Kennedy, junior business administration major and Magnolia Crossing resident. “Right now, we have gone a few days without the alarm going off. I hope the alarm does not go off anymore but we never know what will happen.”

If a fire alarm causes residents to evacuate again, students should go to the nearest emergency exit and evacuate to the back wall of the parking lot to await further instructions. If a student is in class when a fire alarm goes off, the student can email Ojeda for an excuse from class.

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Trump and Biden confirmed at conventions

With the nation still struggling during the COVID-19 pandemic, both the Democratic and Republican National Conventions were heavily modified with many in-person events canceled and the amount of in-person attendees drastically reduced. Both conventions however were streamed online and broadcast through national television stations.

Democratic National Convention:

The Democratic National Convention ran from Aug. 17-20 and featured important speakers such as former presidents Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton and Barack Obama; Senators Amy Klobuchar, Elizabeth Warren and Bernie Sanders, Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and former first lady Michelle Obama. Speakers gave their thoughts on the state of the nation, comments on the current administration and why they believed former Vice President Joe Biden was the answer to the problems currently facing Americans. The four-day convention ended with Biden and Sen. Kamala Harris (D-CA) accepting their nominations as the Democratic candidates for president and vice president of the United States.

During his acceptance speech, Biden laid out a few key things he hopes to accomplish if elected president. These include ensuring equal pay for women, working on climate change, creating a healthcare system that lowers health care premiums, deductibles and drug prices, building infrastructure with roads, airports, highways and broadband and bringing five million manufacturing and technology jobs to the United States.

“It’s time for us — for we the people — to come together,” Biden said during his acceptance speech. “I am a proud Democrat, and I will be proud to carry the banner of our party into the general election. So, it is with great honor and humility that I accept this nomination for President of the United States of America. But while I will be a Democratic candidate, I will be an American president. I will work as hard for those who did not support me as I will for those who did. That is the job of a president. To represent all of us, not just our base or our party. This is not a partisan moment. This must be an American moment.”

Republican National Convention:

The Republican National Convention saw the nomination of President Donald J. Trump and Vice President Mike Pence as the presidential and vice-presidential candidates on behalf of the Republican Party.

The convention, which was held Aug. 24-27, focused on the accomplishments of the current administration in the past four years and laid out some key things the administration hoped to accomplish in the next four years. Some of these aspirations include banning sanctuary cities; hiring more law enforcement officers and increasing penalties for assaulting law enforcement officers; ensuring justice for every citizen regardless of race, religion and creed; creating 10 million jobs in the next 10 months and ending American reliance on China. The president also promised to protect Medicare and Social Security, expand charter schools and provide school choice to every American family, require medical price transparency and lower the cost of prescription drugs.

“My fellow Americans, tonight, with a heart full of gratitude and boundless optimism, I proudly accept this nomination for President of the United States,” Trump said in his acceptance speech. “The Republican Party, the party of Abraham Lincoln, goes forward united, determined and ready to welcome millions of Democrats, independents and anyone who believes in the greatness of America and the righteous heart of the American People … What united generations past was an unshakable confidence in America’s destiny, and an unbreakable faith in the American People. They knew that our country is blessed by God and has a special purpose in this world. It is that conviction that inspired the formation of our union, our westward expansion, the abolition of slavery, the passage of civil rights, the space program, and the overthrow of fascism, tyranny and communism.”

Both candidates are now on the campaign trail. The first presidential debate will be held Sept. 29, at 6 p.m. Pacific Standard Time.

Elijah Hickman | Banner | Traditional dancers at the Hispanic Heritage Festival in 2018, before coronavirus safety measures.

Students celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month

Hispanic Heritage Month is Sept. 15 through Oct. 15 and Community Life is celebrating throughout the month.

For the cultural celebrations at California Baptist University, Community Life typically plans events during which students can experience culture through food, music and games. However, with the current guidelines in place, the celebration has to be changed.

In past years, Community Life has held a one-night celebration for Hispanic Heritage Month, but this year it will be a month long celebration. Each Tuesday during the celebration there will be a trivia night via Instagram. The trivia can be found on Community Life’s Instagram, @cbu_life.

Trivia Tuesdays will allow students to learn why we celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month, who are important figures in history who have helped shape the United States and what are different initiatives from Hispanic individuals that have led to social change. In addition to the Trivia Tuesdays, there will be other events for students to learn about and experience Hispanic culture.

Natalie Espinoza, senior liberal studies major, said she believes a month dedicated to celebrating Hispanic heritage through these activities is an important part of showcasing different cultures. 

“It is important they are doing this because it is giving students an understanding of the culture and why it is important to celebrate it,” Espinoza said. “Trivia Tuesday is a perfect way to educate everyone on the culture.”

For students who are on campus, Community Life will be hosting an event on Oct. 1 in Lancer Plaza. There will be music playing that honors Hispanic heritage and students will have the opportunity to walk through a display with educational information in it. There will also be snacks and crafts available. Community Life will also be ending the month with a movie night that will have limited seating.

“Whether or not you can participate in the Hispanic Heritage Month celebration at CBU, there is a wealth of knowledge out there in the form of movies, books and articles that students can seek out to learn about Hispanic culture,” said Taylor Alitzer, assistant director of Campus Activities. “We are going to do our best to get that information out there but encourage students to use this time to become informed and gain a greater appreciation for this month.”

Megan Vanbattum, junior film production major, is living on campus this semester and said she is excited there will be an in-person event.

“Amazingly, they are doing in-person events for Hispanic Heritage Month,” Vanbattum said. “It not only is going to teach more people about the Hispanic heritage, but it is also going to make this semester feel a little more normal since we will have an in-person event.”

Whether on campus or online, students will still have opportunities to celebrate Hispanic heritage this month.

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Voices of young-voters should still be amplified and used

Going into the 2020 election, it is important now more than ever that young adults understand how vital their voices really are.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, in 2018 only 53% of the eligible voting population voted during the midterm election. Adults from 18-25 years old make up half of the eligible voting population. However, the young adult vote still remains to be one of the lowest voter turnouts.

It can often feel like this generation’s opinions are often suppressed or looked down on by older generations.

Despite the criticism, It is important to know that our votes will set the precedent for future generations. How we vote and what we vote on will determine what life looks like for those younger than us.

You can make your voice heard by staying informed on current events, striking up conversations with people about political topics and learning and ask questions.

Participating in elections is a great way to exercise your rights as an American citizen. Regardless of who you support, voting is a civic duty.

People say, “Create the world you want for your children” or “Build a better tomorrow.” However, that cannot be done without using our voices and votes to impact the world. The same issues discussed on social media should be considered when voting.

Social media can also be a great way to amplify the voices of those who either cannot vote or have smaller platforms. In dealing with social media, it is also vital that we do not take everything we read as the truth or promote fake news. The best way to avoid doing this is to do research and fact check what you read before you share.

While using social media as a platform for advocacy and policy change is a great first step in reaching other young adults, it cannot be all that we do. If young adults do not vote to change the policies they are posting about, then when will the real change begin?

According to USA Today, young adult voter turnout rose 20 or more percentage points in California between the 2014 and 2018 election.

Even with the impressive raise, it only put the percentage of voting young adults at 36 percent. The other 64 percent of voters is made up of ages 30-65 years or older. The largest voting population is ages 65 years and older, despite the young adult vote making up a larger percentage of voters.

Voting in the 2020 presidential election will be a huge determining factor in how the future plays out, regardless of political party. You may not care who ends up being president in November, but you might feel differently in few years when the action is irreversible.

Educate yourself on important political topics before voting to ensure that your vote is reflective of your opinion and not the views of others.

The first step in getting ready to vote is to register to vote or check your voter status if it has been a while since you registered. Checking your voter status ensures that all your information is correct, so come election day you will be ready to go.

If you are a new voter, the last day to register to vote in California is Oct. 19. You can use www.vote.org to register to vote or check your voter status online.

Once you have registered, there are a few options for how you can vote.

The first is voting by mail, after receiving your ballot by mail, fill it out and mail it in to be counted. The second option is to receive your ballot by mail, fill it out and drop it off at a local polling place to be counted. Third, you can go to a local polling place and vote in person.

All California registered voters will be mailed a ballot up to 29 days prior to Nov. 3, Election Day.

With the 2020 presidential election coming up, young adults must sign up and show up on election day

Courtesy of Shutterstock | Chadwick Boseman accepts an award at the 50th NAACP Image Awards.

Students remember, pay tribute to inspiring ‘Black Panther’ actor Chadwick Boseman

Chadwick Boseman, an American actor known for his portrayal of Jackie Robinson in the movie “42” (2013), James Brown in “Get on Up” (2014) and Black Panther in “Black Panther” (2018), died from colon cancer Aug. 29 at age 43.

Participating in theater in high school, Boseman attended Howard University in Washington D.C. to further his training and graduated with a bachelor of fine arts in directing in 2000.

Boseman performed in several stage productions before he landed his first significant role in the movie “42,” portraying Jackie Robinson. 

“42” was an iconic movie for Boseman, who helped show the struggle that Jackie Robinson went through as one the first African Americans in Major League Baseball.

His next major role was as the lead character in the film “Get on Up” about the legendary singer James Brown. 

He would then go on to portray T’Challa (Black Panther) in “Avengers: Civil War” and the “Black Panther” series.

Boseman was first diagnosed with colon cancer in 2016, the same year he appeared in Marvel’s “Avengers: Civil War”. The public did not know he was also battling cancer.

When the news broke that Boseman died from cancer it took fans by surprise. Kevin Holloway, freshman psychology major and Boseman fan ,said he was shocked..

“I never would have expected he was sick from the way he talked and acted,” Holloway said. “He showed how strong he was to battle cancer while still following his goals and do everything he could to help build the Black community. It shows that someone can be that strong and hide what they are doing to help raise up everyone else.”

Boseman was not only a superhero on screen. He was also a superhero to many in real life. 

Former President Barack Obama sent a tweet when he heard the news of Boseman’s death about the time Boseman had visited the White House after starring in the movie “42”.

“Chadwick came to the White House to work with kids when he was playing Jackie Robinson. You could tell right away that he was blessed,” the former president said in his tweet. “To be young, gifted, and Black; to use that power to give them heroes to look up to; to do it all while in pain what a use of his years.”

As Hollywood mourns the death of Boseman, many fans are expecting actors to show more dedication in film. 

Jacob Mandujano, freshman business administration major, said Boseman’s juggle between producing, acting and battling cancer raises the bar for the other actors.

“Boseman was battling cancer for so long and still producing and acting in great movies,” Mandujano said. “It just raises the bar for a lot of actors.”

Before Boseman died he filmed and starred in “Da 5 Bloods” (2020), which fans can watch on Netflix and also starred in Ma Rainey’s “Black Bottom” (2020), before his death which will stream on
Netflix later this year.

Luc Stringer | Banner | Student Care is located in Lancer Plaza next to the campus store, providing an ever-important service to California Baptist University students.

Student Care aids in COVID management

This year, the Office of Student Care continues to offer resources to students to support them during their time at California Baptist University, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic.

“The biggest purpose is to care for students,” said Heather Hubbert, associate dean of students. “We have the office so that when students encounter any sort of unexpected life occurrence that they need some additional resources or help with, we do our best to step alongside them and try to give them all the resources they need to still complete their academic career.”

The Office of Student Care offers resources to students to help them navigate their academics while facing other situations such as an illness, an injury or a family tragedy. 

“I want students to know we are here for them,” Hubbert said. “Often, I hear of students who say they just did not know who to call. I want students to know they should call us and we will get them the right resources and get them to the right people. I also want students to know they are not walking through life alone. There is a whole office that wants to support them.”

In addition, this year the Office of Student Care has taken on new roles related to the management of COVID-19. The office is involved in tracking students who have tested positive or who have potentially been exposed, and they provide resources for these students such as helping to communicate with professors about students’ situations. They also manage the online meal-delivery system for students in isolation on campus and work with Provider food services to deliver meals to those students.

“I like having access to the Office of Student Care, especially during the COVID pandemic because they help provide meals to isolated students, and it is comforting to know that they will be there by our side if students have to face a COVID situation,” said Taylor Farr, sophomore communication sciences and  disorders major.

The office also includes several programs, including the First-Year Experience program and student leadership, that provide students with additional resources to aid them during their time at CBU.

“As a student living on campus, I am grateful to have this resource available,” said Kristie Wiseman, sophomore biomedical major. “It is very helpful when students are going through difficult times to have someone who is there to help.”

The Office of Student Care is located in Lancer Plaza at Suite 140. If students are instructed to enter isolation on campus this semester, they should contact the office to learn about resources available to them during the process.

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Apple’s app store raises controversy

The makers of the popular video game “Fortnite” accused Apple of monopolistic actions Aug. 13 after the game broke terms of
service to bypass Apple’s 30% cut of all in-app profits. 

Epic Games, “Fortnite’s” publisher, said 30% is unreasonable. While previously players could buy “v-bucks,” “Fortnite’s” in-game currency, through the App Store, Epic added a new button that allowed players to buy the same number of v-bucks for a cheaper price. The catch was that Apple would see none of the funds. Apple removed “Fortnite” instantly from the App Store and issued a statement condemning Epic.

Benjamin Buckman, senior marketing major, said he feels Apple takes too much money from developers. 

“They’re demanding money that they don’t need, even from games that are smaller and don’t make much revenue,” Buckman said.

Aaron Kooistra, sophomore engineering major, said he is concerned about independent app development. 

“Apple basically has a monopoly on all iPhone devices, so you can’t make any cool apps without signing away a lot of your profit to Apple,” Kooistra said.

Epic Games filed a lawsuit Aug. 17 accusing Apple of “(exceeding any) technology monopolist in history.” It calls Apple “anti-competitive” and “extortionate.” 

The lawsuit was followed up with a massive social media campaign, titled
#freefortnite, where Epic mobilized its “Fortnite” fans against the App Store
guidelines.

“Apple intentionally sabotages consumer iOS devices to prevent users from installing software directly from developers, as consumers are free to do on PC and Mac,” reads the game’s website.

Although Apple has the right to charge a commission for App Store access, Dr. Marc Weniger, professor of business, said 30% might be too much.

“Apple has a unique product in that they (make sure) that the apps that are on (the App Store) don’t have any malware,” Weniger said. “It keeps the Apple users safe, but on the other hand (the App Store) is a marketplace — so the big question is what percentage is too much when it comes to taking a commission to offer access to a market.”

Dr. Bob Namvar, professor of economics, said he believes Apple’s actions could constitute monopolization of the smartphone sector. Namvar recalled the 2001 United States vs. Microsoft Corp. lawsuit, which could provide legal precedent for Epic Games. 

It seems the judge presiding over Epic’s lawsuit feels differently. 

Judge Yvonne Rogers ruled Aug. 25 that “Fortnite” will remain estranged from the App Store until further hearings scheduled for late September. 

Courtesy of Unsplash

Technology helps students connect

The landscape of home, work and school life drastically changed for
students across the state when California Gov. Gavin Newsom issued a statewide stay-at-home order during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Some families started seeing a lot more of each other while quarantined in their homes, while others were kept apart. 

But technology has helped people to stay in touch and feel connected to each other even while separated by distance.

Many people have used websites such as WebEx and Zoom for business, educational and personal reasons, as well as other video chat and video sharing apps such as FaceTime.

Jennifer Tronti, assistant professor of English and program director for the undergraduate English department at California Baptist University, said she has been using FaceTime to stay in contact with her mother, even for simple, casual connection.

“We’ve washed dishes together in our separate households,” Tronti said. “I texted my mom an awful lot more than I ever have in the past.”

Tronti also commented on how technology has helped in stay in touch with students, using both WebEx and Zoom, and how Zoom’s chat feature can help students connect with each other in ways that would be more difficult even in the classroom.

“(Zoom’s chat feature) works well in a way that if we were in the classroom, and everyone was having those conversations, it would be distracting or too loud. …but I can tell people (online) are paying attention,” Tronti said. “I don’t like to restrict the chat.”

Students have found that Social interaction primarily through technology can be difficult. Elli Long, freshman behavioral sciences major, said that the distance can make it harder to connect with classmates.

“Making connections with other students in the class is a lot harder since
you  don’t  really  have them there in person to talk to,” Long said. “It’s a lot harder to get peer help in classes.”

Logan Manley, freshman health science major, said she uses FaceTime to keep in touch with friends.

“During the summer I’ve been FaceTiming with people a lot and keeping upwith people on social media,” Manley said. “(With) being away from home for the first time, FaceTime has really helped.” 

Manley said she has a solution for keeping herself focused during her classes.

“It is hard to stay engaged in classes, especially doing them in your dorm room,” Manley said. “I like to force myself to stay at a desk, do my homework and my classes, and keep myself in a solid, structured routine each day, just to make it feel normal.”

Although doing a lot of social interaction through technology certainly has its challenges, it has also been vital to students for keeping up with work, school and social life during the pandemic.

Students still struggling with time-management can find apps such as Chegg Prep  through their local app store. 

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Wearing masks should not be political

In “unprecedented times” such as the ones we are living in during 2020 it is important to check both the priorities that individuals hold and the priorities of our society as a whole.

With more and more calls to wear a mask, some people have chosen to interpret this guideline as having political motives.

However, as even more cases of COVID-19 surface, everyone must examine and reconsider their preconceived notions about recommendations on how to stop the spread of a dangerous virus.

According to the CDC website, there are many reasons to wear a mask and many ways in which this can help prevent infection. Their website also explains face coverings in social settings and what a huge difference it can make in the grand scheme of things.

The website states: “CDC recommends that people wear masks in public settings and when around people who don’t live in your household, especially when other social distancing measures are difficult to maintain.”

The page goes on to highlight how “masks may help prevent people who have COVID-19 from spreading the virus to others” and “masks are most likely to reduce the spread of COVID-19 when they are widely used by people in public settings.” They explain how anyone can come into contact with COVID-19 and transmit it, whether they know it or not. This fact makes it all the more important for people to wear a mask or other face covering even if they have no symptoms.

There are exceptions to this, which the CDC also lists on the website’s page discussing masks. Individuals who have issues breathing and chidlren under the age of 2 are exceptions, as are people who may be unable to remove the mask themselves.

Their website emphasizes that everyone can play a part in slowing down how rapidly the virus may spread and that one major step to protecting communities and individuals alike from its impact is wearing a mask and keeping social distancing guidelines in mind.

This can be done in the everyday practice of setting aside any personal preference to instead prioritize the safety of others. It can be incredibly easy to fall victim to the mentality in today’s social climate that wearing a mask is a political statement. However, this mentality potentially endangers individuals who may come into contact with the novel coronavirus.

The data suggest that different types of masks provide different levels of protection from COVID-19 and the germs related to it, so it is recommended that individuals research this and find out what kinds of face coverings are most effective and ideal for daily life.

As the virus’s impact continues to exist in American society one heavily based around personal freedoms people may feel their personal freedoms are being suppressed by the requirement to put on face coverings.

Although, this is not reason enough to put others and oneself at risk. Studies have shown that wearing a mask is most effective when everyone is wearing them, not just one person.

Something as simple and effortless as wearing a cloth face covering does not need to signal the violation of an individual’s personal liberties. However many have tried to make it seem that way.

During times such these it is vital to recognize that not everything is politically motivated and there are certain actions that can be taken to slow the spread of the virus and show a Christ-like consideration for others.

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Remembering the life of Ruth Bader Ginsburg

The nation mourned the death of Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg on Sept. 18. Ginsburg was a trailblazer and women’s rights advocate. She battled cancer four times, beginning with lung cancer in 1999 and ending in her death from pancreatic cancer in 2020. She died at the age of 87.

Appointed to the Supreme Court in 1993 under President Bill Clinton, Ginsburg was only the second woman ever appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court, after Sandra Day O’Connor in 1981.

Dr. Amy Stumpf, professor of society and religion, said she finds it hard to believe the U.S. did not have a woman on the supreme court until the ‘80s.

“When Americans say women and minorities have equal rights and full access they obviously haven’t looked at a SCOTUS roster,” Stumpf said.

Ginsburg was a major advocate for women’s rights, voicing her opinion on issues such as the legality of abortion and gender discrimination.

One of the examples of this was her authorship of the court’s decision to strike down the male-only admission policy at the public university Virginia Military Institute in United States v. Virginia (1996).

Dr. Chase Porter, U.S. history professor, said the loss of Ginsburg goes beyond a vacancy on the Supreme Court.

“Her tireless work on women’s equality means that many look to her as an embodiment of the liberal vision of equality for all,” Porter said. “People genuinely believed in her advocacy of that vision, and are thus saddened to lose one of its staunchest champions.”

Even before her appointment to the Supreme Court, Ginsburg was challenging cases that questioned the role of women in the workplace. She contributed to or led more than 60 cases surrounding gender-based discrimination.

Amanda Kurowski, senior intercultural studies major, said her reaction to Ginsburg’s death was one of pure devastation.

“She was an icon, a giant among men and the backbone to the majority of women’s rights and LGBTQ+ rights in this country,” Kurowski said. “She has to be remembered but she has to be followed. We have to continue fighting for the rights of people everywhere and continue to elevate the oppressed in this country.”

Stumpf said it was important to appreciate and acknowledge Ginsburg’s expertise.

“I appreciate her mastery of the law,” Stumpf said. “She knew the Constitution, the law and she loved this country and modeled dignified service. She also modeled how to be civil in the midst of disagreement.”

Ginsburg’s death has created a vacancy on the Supreme Court. President Donald J. Trump is expected to nominate a replacement, which will need the confirmation of the Senate.